Fiscal Year 2014 Appropriations

By Mike Decker | July 29, 2013

By the end of each fiscal year (Sept. 30), the U.S. Congress is required to pass spending bills for the next fiscal year. If it fails, Congress must either pass a continuing resolution or the federal government will shut down. It has been years since the legislative branch has achieved this task and it appears it will not meet this deadline again this year. With the beginning of fiscal year 2014 fast approaching (Oct. 1, 2013), Congress has yet to agree on a final version for any of the 12 bills.

What’s more, it seems the House and Senate fundamentally disagree on the baselines that will determine funding in each bill. As The Wall Street Journal reported, Senate appropriators have chosen to ignore the spending cuts required by the sequester while House appropriators have accounted for them, and gone further.1 This fact has set the two chambers on a collision course that could increase the likelihood of an eventual government shutdown. With that end in mind, how far does Congress have to go – what exactly is the status of each of the 12 appropriations bills required for fiscal year 2014? 2

OVERALL DISCRETIONARY SPENDING LEVELS FOR FISCAL YEAR 2014

  • The Senate aims to spend $1.058 trillion.
  • The House aims to spend $967 billion.3

AGRICULTURE SPENDING BILL

  • Status: The House and Senate appropriations committees have each approved their own versions of the fiscal year 2014 agriculture appropriations bill.
  • Senate Spending Level: $20.9 billion.4
  • House Spending Level: $19.5 billion.5

 COMMERCE/JUSTICE/SCIENCE SPENDING BILL

  • Status: Neither the House nor the Senate appropriations committee has considered this bill.
  • Senate Spending Level: $52.3 billion.
  • House Spending Level: $47.4 billion.6

DEFENSE SPENDING BILL

  • Status: The House Appropriations Committee has approved its version of the bill.
  • Senate Spending Level: Unknown.
  • House Spending Level: $512.5 billion.7

ENERGY & WATER SPENDING BILL

  • Status: The House and Senate appropriations committees have each approved their own versions of the fiscal year 2014 energy and water appropriations bill. The House has approved its committee version of the bill on the floor as well.
  • Senate Spending Level: $34.8 billion. 8
  • House Spending Level: $30.4 billion.9

FINANCIAL SERVICES SPENDING BILL

  • Status: Neither the House nor the Senate appropriations committee has considered this bill.
  • Senate Spending Level: $23.2 billion. 10
  • House Spending Level: $17 billion. 11

HOMELAND SECURITY SPENDING BILL

  • Status: The House Appropriations Committee and the full House approved its version of the fiscal year 2014 homeland security appropriations bill. The Senate has not yet acted.
  • Senate Spending Level: 39.1 billion.12
  • House Spending Level: $38.9 billion.13

INTERIOR & ENVIRONMENT SPENDING BILL

  • Status: Neither the House nor the Senate appropriations committee has considered this bill.
  • Senate Spending Level: Unknown.
  • House Spending Level: Unknown.

LABOR/HHS/EDUCATION SPENDING BILL

  • Status: The Senate Appropriations Committee has approved its version of the bill.
  • Senate Spending Level: $164.3 billion 14
  • House Spending Level: Unknown.

LEGISLATIVE BRANCH SPENDING BILL

  • Status: The Senate Appropriations Committee has approved its version of the bill.
  • Senate Spending Level: $4.4 billion. 15
  • House Spending Level: $4.1 billion.16

MILITARY/VETERANS SPENDING BILL

  • Status: The House and Senate appropriations committees have each approved their own versions of the fiscal year 2014 military/veterans appropriations bill. The House has approved its committee version of the bill on the floor as well.
  • Senate Spending Level: $74.4 billion.17
  • House Spending Level: $73.3 billion.18

STATE/FOREIGN OPERATIONS SPENDING BILL

  • Status: Neither the House nor the Senate appropriations committee has considered this bill.
  • Senate Spending Level: $50.6 billion.
  • House Spending Level: $40.6 billion.19

 TRANSPORTATION/HUD SPENDING BILL:

  • Status: The House and Senate appropriations committees have each approved their own versions of the fiscal year 2014 transportation/HUD appropriations bill. The House has approved its committee version of the bill on the floor as well.
  • Senate Spending Level: $54 billion.20
  • House Spending Level: $44.1 billion.21
  1. The Wall Street Journal. Spending Bills Are on a Collision Course. July 12, 2013. http://on.wsj.com/133f2qO
  2. Library of Congress. Website. Accessed July 14, 2013. http://1.usa.gov/14BUch0
  3. The Wall Street Journal. Spending Bills Are on a Collision Course. July 12, 2013. http://on.wsj.com/133f2qO
  4. CQ Weekly. Funding Increase for Agriculture Programs, FDA Approved by Panel. June 24, 2013. http://bit.ly/15HS49G
  5. Congressional Quarterly. Fact Sheet. June 27, 2013. http://bit.ly/13dYXi5
  6. CQ Weekly. Senate Calls for Increase In C-J-S Spending, House For Decrease. July 22, 2013. http://bit.ly/132wYOf
  7. CQ News. House Readies Defense Spending Bill With ‘Structured’ Rule Next Week. July 11, 2013. http://bit.ly/15yfBYx
  8. CQ Weekly. Disparate Energy-Water Bills Advance. July 8, 2013. http://bit.ly/1dA4e5q
  9. CQ Budget Tracker News. Budget Tracker Briefing: Energy Cuts Stay. July 10, 2013. http://bit.ly/15g19EF
  10. Senate Panel Backs Financial Services Bill With Increase for IRS. CQ Today. July 25, 2013. http://www.cq.com/doc/news-4322682?wr=bGFldXRDRDVoeHJFYy1vYXljbnpQQQ
  11. CQ Weekly. Bill Would Reduce IRS Budget, Cut Spending for Financial Services. July 22, 2013. http://bit.ly/137gDZJ
  12. CQ Weekly. Bill Would Fund Pilot Gun Training, Boost Spending for Coast Guard. July 22, 2013. http://bit.ly/13xE1CO
  13. CQ Weekly. House Passes Fiscal 2014 Homeland Bill. June 10, 2013. http://bit.ly/12DZDsG
  14. CQ Weekly. Senate Bill Would Increase Funding for Health and Education Programs. July 15, 2013. http://bit.ly/12DZEgs
  15. CQ Weekly. Panels Advance Bills That Would Boost Legislative Branch Spending. July 15, 2013. http://bit.ly/1bgVl40
  16. ibid.
  17. CQ Weekly. Despite Cap Concerns, Funding for Military Construction, VA Approved. June 24, 2013. http://bit.ly/16EjXwz
  18. CQ Weekly. Veterans Aid Concern Steers House Bill. June 10, 2013. http://bit.ly/18jFWQc
  19. CQ Weekly. Panels Adopt Foreign Operations Bills With Budgetary, Policy Differences. July 29, 2013. http://www.cq.com/doc/weeklyreport-4323832?wr=bGFldXRDRDVoeG9VaGdOREd1UUxCZw
  20. CQ Weekly. ‘Trade-offs’ vs. ‘Responsible Investments’ in Transportation-HUD Bills. July 8, 2013. http://bit.ly/12s25Uw
  21. ibid.

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